《Think and Grow Rich 思考致富》序言–WHAT DO YOU WANT MOST? 什么是您顶怀念使的? 如何阅读一依书

What do you want most?
这篇稿子以境内的中文版是不曾的(当然上一样篇序言国内中文版也从来不),这首文章位置是于本书用破仑·希尔写的前言的前。

Unless you’re in prison with nothing else to do,
NEVER read a non-fiction book or article
from beginning to end.

题目截图

引子

后知后觉,这是惬意的,你想什么,在你念了百十来本书之后突然发现,自己并不知道该「如何看」,这不是同等种植伟大的哀伤吗?还好,这是得习得的,而且现在学吧非晚。

当时是那么份上资料(这是翻译版),义译
了扳平管份,剩下的简单的举行了 笔记,如下。

题下方文字翻译:
凡是金钱,名誉,权力,知足,个性,内心之宁静,幸福?

义译

当您切莫是为了玩玩而是为获取信息而读的时候,如何才会打平本书要其他文件中学到尽可能多也?

熊莹版
当你为了获取信息而不是为了乐趣去阅读时,
你怎么才能从一本书或其他任何文章中学到更多东西?

从头读到尾?呃,一些开真的好,比如小说,毕竟 fiction
的标准化就是是抓住你的好奇心啊!读的时节便使跟着作者,听他一点点语了一个故事就是尽了。

只是,其他有修、文章、文档,比如您以本科及研究生等,以及接下来的职业生涯中读之那些,可不是小说啊。恰恰相反,是教科书、手册、期刊、历史、是学术研究这些
non-fiction

宣读这些的目的是得保留信息。因此,以尽力而为的略的办法赶紧抓明白发生了什么该是您的目标。所以,除非读的凡
fiction 或者你瞠目结舌在牢房里没什么可做,千万别打头到尾读一本
non-fiction

熊莹版
读这类材料的目的是获得并记住信息。
这种时候,你的目的是尽快且尽可能容易地找到发生了什么。

那么怎么惩罚为,要明您是为着信息一旦念,你如常向后总结 –
呀,刚才读了啊,向前预期 –
啊,接下去作者或会见说…,运用这样的方针,你见面否稍读、跳读提供一个安康机制。类似之,为了以尽可能少的时光里
挖掘理解记住
作者要说的,什么方法还能得以据此。这就是当尽短日内打平本书中效仿到再也多(知识)的艺术。

熊莹版
相反,当你为了获取信息去阅读时,
你应该总是跳着读并且尽可能去寻找,
然后去理解,最终记住作者必须要说的内容。
这就是你能用最少的时间在一本书学到更多东西的办法。

当下段义译借鉴了李笑来老师的「如何真正消化同样本书?」第五局部。

以这里描述的点子,你会做到在6顶8个钟头外读毕一据300页的书。

当然了,同等条件下,你花之流年进而多,你抱呢越发充分。但是,哪来那么基本上日子啊?

Your time is limited。

The Thirteen Steps to Riches described in this book offer the shortest
dependable philosophy of individual achievement ever presented for the
benefit of the man or woman who is searching for a definite goal in
life.

总结

  • Read the whole thing

分清主次

熊莹版
通读全文

Major arguments and evidence matter than details. Grasping the
structures of the whole is more important than reading every word.

重中之重论点和实证比细节要多了,抓住整体比抠每一个歌词要多矣。

What you can do is remember and record the main points. And if you
remember those, you know enough to find the material again if you ever
do need to recall the details.

  • Decide how much time you will spend

规定时间支付

Real-time is limited. If you know exactly how long you can actually
spend on reading, you can plan how much time to devote to each time.

光阴少于。你要是规范地解看要花多长时间,你得计划每一样片段的时长。

Setting time limits and keeping to them (while accomplishing your
goals) is one the most important life skills you can learn.

  • Have a purpose and a strategy

发目的及方针

You’ll enjoy reading more, and remember it better, if you know exactly
why you’re reading.

懂得为什么读而晤面念得差不多、记得牢。

As soon as you start to read, begin trying to find out four things:

  • Who is the author?
  • What are the book’s arguments?
  • What is the evidence that supports these?
  • What are the book’s conclusions?

Once you’ve got a grip on these, start trying do determine:

  • What are the weakness of these arguments, evidence, and conclusions?
  • What do you think about the arguments, evidence, and conclusions?
  • How does (or how could) the author respond to these weaknesses, and
    to your own criticisms.

Keep coming back to these questions as you read. By the time you finish,
you should be able to answer them all.

  • Read actively

温馨作主

熊莹版
主动阅读

Never rely on the author’s structures alone. Move around in the text,
following your own goals.

转移太依仗书的结构,根据自己的目的读。

熊莹版
绝不只依赖作者的结构,
根据你自己的目标在上下文中跳着读。
  • Know the author(s) and organizations

摸底作者及团伙

Authors are people with backgrounds and biases. They work in
organizations that give them context and depth.

笔者的更培养了他,同时不可避免地叫他发生矣偏见,而团队则决定了他说啊怎么说。

熊莹版
作者都是拥有背景和偏见的普通人,
他们工作的机构也会反映他们的背景和深度

The more you know about the author and his/her organization and/or
discipline, the better you will be able to evaluate what you read.

  • Know the intellectual context*

叩问智力背景

熊莹版
了解知识背景

Most academic writing is part an ongoing intellectual conversation,
with debates, key figures, and paradigmatic concepts.

大部学著作是对有讨论、争议人物、范式概念上交流。

熊莹版
绝大部分的学术文中都是在某个持续的知识层面对话的一部分,
伴有讨论、关键人物和典型概念。

参考:Concept of paradigm and the social
sciences

A book is almost always a response to other writers, so you’ll
understand a book much better if you can figure out what, and what, it
is answering.

  • Read it three times

读三遍

First time for overview and discovery. Second time for detail and
understanding. Third time for note-taking in your own words.

首先整个,总览,有个大致认识;第二整整细节,为了了解;第三全副,用自己之说话做出笔记。

  • Overview: discovery (5-10 percent of total time)

    诵读得快,关注信息密度大的触及,在发要之、有困惑之地方做标记。

  • Detail: understanding (70-80 percent of total time)

    认真地、批判性地念,关注章节前回节后与举行标记的地方,解决疑惑。

  • Notes: recall and note taking (10=20 percent of total time)

    对论点论据做速记,尽可能用好的语言把内容转换成自己之合计架构。

Cutting and pasting segments of text from the book will not do as much
as summarizing very briefly in your own words.

Note

You’ll get more out of three one-hour readings that you could get out
of one three-hour reading.

  • Focus on parts with high information content

聚焦信息量大之情节

Tables of contents, pictures, charts, headings, and other elements
contain more information than body text.

目录、图片、表格、标题等处比正文内容包含重复多信息。

More general (broader) information is typically presented at the
beginnings and ends of:

  • the book or article as a whole(abstract, introduction,
    conclusion)
  • each chapter
  • each section within a chapter
    each paragraph
  • Use PTML(personal text markup language)

从而好的记语言

熊莹版
使用自己的语言为文章做标记

Mark up your readings with your own notes. This helps you learn and
also helps find important passage later.

故好的法子开标记,这有助于学习,并且会拉你当事后找到重点。

熊莹版
用自己的笔记方式在文中中做标记,
这样能帮助你学习,
也能帮助你之后找到重要的段落。

Don’t mark too much – as a rule, you should average no more than two
or three marks per page.

Note

  • We inevitably read much more screen-based material.

  • It is necessary to use a citation manager software.

  • Use your unconscious mind

应用无意识

Leaving time between reading sessions for your mind to process your
material.

受大脑用读间隙来拍卖输入。

You should read a book in several sessions of one to two hours apiece.

Rehears, and use multiple modes

追思,利用多种模式上

熊莹版
练习,利用各种方式练习

Talking, visualizing, or writing about what you’ve read helps you
remember.

座谈,可视化,或者写下你念到的递进你的记。

熊莹版
把你读到内容说出来、写出来或是形象化地表现出来,
这都会帮助你记住他。

Learning and memory depend crucially on rehearsal.


You will have to practice.

Learning to read like this can be a critical key to be a successful
career as a student, a scholar, or professional in almost any field.

本书中之十三独步骤致富提供了齐个人就最差的且保险的口径,为觅合适人生目标的汉子要妻子之提供了多有益。

Before beginning the book you will profit greatly if you recognize the
fact that the book was not written to entertain. You cannot digest the
contents properly in a week or a month.

每当读书本书前使您意识及当时按照开实际上不是以应付而写成的,将会给你带巨大收获。你切莫可能以一如既往圆或一个月内化掉本书内容。

After reading the book thoroughly, Dr. Miller Reese Hutchison,
nationally known Consulting Engineer and long-time associate of Thomas
A. Edison, said— “This is not a novel. It is a textbook on individual
achievement that came directly from the experiences of hundreds of
America’s most successful men. It should be studied, digested, and
meditated upon. No more than one chapter should be read in a single
night. The reader should underline the sentences which impress him most.
Later, he should go back to these marked lines and read them again. A
real student will not merely read this book, he will absorb its contents
and make them his own. This book should be adopted by all high schools
and no boy or girl should be permitted to graduate without having
satisfactorily passed an examination on it. This philosophy will not
take the place of the subjects taught in schools, but it will enable one
to organize and apply the knowledge acquired, and convert it into useful
service and adequate compensation without waste of time.

Miller Reese Hutchison博士全国名咨询工程师而且是
托马斯·爱迪生的漫长共同人,在通读本书后说–“这不是一致遵照小说,它是同等遵循直接由数百各美国极其典型人物的成功经验汇总而改为的以民用完成方面的课本。它应当被上、消化、沉思。没有孰章节是当一个晚会念了的。读者应当将印象深刻的句子画上下划线。过后,他该又阅读标注的情。一叫作真正的学童不能够单纯是朗诵了就仍开,他应有收书中之情节将内容内化。这按照开应该让抱有高中采用,无论男生还是女生在没有到手合格成绩前都非容许毕业。这个看法不克作主要课程在全校教学,但是得当同种植知识获取之框架和艺术,然后转向成为中的劳务以及适用的补偿从而不再浪费时间(翻译不好就词)”。

Dr. John R. Turner, Dean of the College of The City of New York, after
having read the book, said— “The very best example of the soundness of
this philosophy is your own son, Blair, whose dramatic story you have
outlined in the chapter on Desire.”

约翰·特纳博士,纽约都会学院院长,在念了本书后,说–“对于此规格最好之还产生力度之正经就是您协调的儿子,布莱尔,他的传奇故事以欲望即时同章节来个大致讲述。”

Dr. Turner had reference to the author’s son, who, born without normal
hearing capacity, not only avoided becoming a deaf mute, but actually
converted his handicap into a priceless asset by applying the philosophy
here described. After reading the story (starting on page 52), you will
realize that you are about to come into possession of a philosophy which
can be transmuted into material wealth, or serve as readily to bring you
peace of mind, understanding, spiritual harmony, and in some instances,
as in the case of the author’s son, it can. help you master physical
affliction.

特纳博士参考了笔者的崽,作者儿子于生时没有例行的听力功能,但是事实上不仅避免了成为聋哑人,还经过行使这里描述的格用堵住转化成为了无价资产。在宣读了这故事后(开始给52页),你晤面意识及公用跻身一个规则的领地,这个标准得以转账为物质财富,或者带吃你安然的心头,理解,精神之调和。在好几示例中,比如笔者儿子之例证,原则是有打算的。帮助你掌控人的痛。

The author discovered, through personally analyzing hundreds of
successful men, that all of them followed the habit of exchanging ideas,
through what is commonly called conferences. When they had problems to
be solved they sat down together and talked freely until they
discovered, from their joint contribution of ideas, a plan that would
serve their purpose.

笔者发现,通过亲身分析数百位成功人士,他们都有着交换思想之习惯,通过会议这种普遍的多变。当有问题亟待缓解时,他们见面为在同随便讨论直到于她们一块献的想法中,发现一个可知促成他们目标的计划。

You, who read this book, will get most out of it by putting into
practice the Master Mind principle described in the book. This you can
do (as others are doing so successfully) by forming a study club,
consisting of any desired number of people who are friendly and
harmonious. The club should have a meeting at regular periods, as often
as once each week. The procedure should consist of reading one chapter
of the book at each meeting, after which the contents of the chapter
should be freely discussed by all members. Each member should make
notes, putting down ALL IDEAS OF HIS OWN inspired by the discussion.
Each member should carefully read and analyze each chapter several days
prior to its open reading and joint discussion in the club. The reading
at the club should be done by someone who reads well and understands how
to put color and feeling into the lines.

当您以翻阅本书时,将由本书描述的智囊团原则的行备受获取最好特别的好处。你得成立读书俱乐部(正使人家做的死去活来成功),组织任易数量之起欲望之亲善和谐的食指。这个俱乐部要来一个稳的聚会时间,最好是一致圆一样不良。在相同不行聚会蒙要团队阅读书中的一个段,阅读后全体成员需要对段内容开展随机讨论。每一样位成员需举行速记,记录下在座谈中给他们的启迪。在游乐场公开阅读和合讨论之前,每位成员要利用几龙时间精心的看和分析各个一样节。在游乐场遭遇公然阅读之口用针对写被内容产生透彻的明,并了解哪些拿情感及气色融入到字里行间。

By following this plan every reader will get from its pages, not only
the sum total of the best knowledge organized from the experiences of
hundreds of successful men, but more important by far, he will tap new
sources of knowledge in his own mind as well as acquire knowledge of
priceless value FROM EVERY OTHER PERSON PRESENT.

由此实施之计划每一样号读者都见面从内容遭落收获,不仅是数百各项成功人士的阅历汇集使成的学识系统,而且最好着重之是开辟了他大脑的知识源泉,还有从各一样号到的人口达到博无价的学识。

If you follow this plan persistently you will be almost certain to
uncover and appropriate the secret formula by which Andrew Carnegie
acquired his huge fortune, as referred to in the author’s introduction.

万一您坚持实施这个计划用几肯定会发现同博此安德鲁·卡内基活的客惊天动地财富的私房公式,在作者的简介中指出的。

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